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6 Common Orthopedic Disorders

Orthopedic disorders can be broadly classified into two types: those that affect the bones and joints and those that affect the muscles and tendons. Some of the most common orthopedic disorders include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis, osteoporosis, scoliosis, and Kyphosis.

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common types of arthritis, affecting millions worldwide. It is a degenerative disorder resulting in cartilage deterioration that cushions the joints. This can lead to pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.

Below you will find a detailed explanation of the common orthopedic disorders:

1- Osteoarthritis

This condition is caused by the deterioration of cartilage, which is the tissue that cushions the joints. It can develop due to wear and tear injury or obesity. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility. Treatment options include medication, physical therapy, and surgery.

2- Rheumatoid arthritis

This is a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the joints. It can also cause inflammation of the tissues around the joints, fatigue, and fever. Treatment options include medication, physical therapy, and surgery.

3- Bursitis

This condition is caused by the inflammation of the bursa, a small sac of fluid that cushions the joints. It can be caused by repetitive motions, injury, or infection. Symptoms include pain and stiffness. Treatment options include medication, physical therapy, and surgery.

4- Tendonitis

This condition is caused by the inflammation of the tendons, which are the tissues that connect muscle to bone. It can be caused by repetitive motions, overuse, or injury. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and loss of mobility. Treatment options include medication, physical therapy, and surgery.

5- Osteoporosis

This condition is caused by the loss of bone density, which can make the bones fragile and susceptible to fractures. It is more common in women than men and is most often seen in postmenopausal women. Treatment options include medication, physical therapy, and surgery.

6- Scoliosis

An abnormal curvature of the spine characterizes this condition. It can be caused by congenital abnormalities, muscle imbalances, or injury. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, and deformity. Treatment options include physical therapy, bracing, and surgery.

Now that you know the common disorders, below are the factors to consider before any surgery:

  1. a) Age: Your age is one of the deciding factors in whether you will require surgery or not. For example, younger patients generally recover from surgery more quickly than older patients.
  2. b) Overall health: Your health is also a factor to consider before surgery. If you have any pre-existing medical conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease, you may be at a higher risk for complications.
  3. c) Severity of symptoms: The severity of your symptoms is also a factor to consider. If your pain is severe and you lose mobility, you may be a good candidate for surgery.
  4. d) Treatment options: Many treatment options are available for orthopedic disorders. If conservative treatments, such as medication and physical therapy, have not worked, you may be a good candidate for surgery. The most important thing is to know about the cost of surgery, types of surgeries, and the risks involved with every kind of surgery before making a decision.

Now that you know the common orthopedic disorders and the factors to consider before surgery, it is important to consult your doctor to see if surgery is right for you.

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